Application Information
Input Capacitor
This IntelliMAX™ switch doesn’t require an input
capacitor. To reduce device inrush current, a 0.1 µF
ceramic capacitor, CIN, is recommended close to the
VIN pin. A higher value of CIN can be used to reduce the
voltage drop experienced as the switch is turned on into
a large capacitive load.
Output Capacitor
While this switch works without an output capacitor: if
parasitic board inductance forces VOUT below GND
when switching off; a 0.1 µF capacitor, COUT, should be
placed between VOUT and GND.
Fall Time
Device output fall time can be calculated based on RC
constant of the external components as follows:
tF RL CL 2.2
(1)
where tF is 90% to 10% fall time, RL is output load,
and CL is output capacitor.
The same equation works for a device with a pull-down
output resistor. RL is replaced by a parallel connected
pull-down and an external output resistor combination as:
tF
RL
RL
RPD
RPD
CL
2.2
(2)
where tF is 90% to 10% fall time, RL is output load,
RPD=65 is output pull-down resistor, and CL is the
output capacitor.
Resistive Output Load
If resistive output load is missing, the IntelliMAX switch
without a pull-down output resistor does not discharge
the output voltage. Output voltage drop depends, in that
case, mainly on external device leaks.
Application Specifics
At maximum operational voltage (VIN=5.5 V), device
inrush current might be higher than expected. Spike
current should be taken into account if VIN>5 V and the
output capacitor is much larger than the input capacitor.
Input current can be calculated as:
IIN(t)
VOUT (t)
RLOAD
(CLOAD
CIN
)
dVOUT
dt
(t)
(3)
where switch and wire resistances are neglected and
capacitors are assumed ideal.
Estimating VOUT(t)=VIN/10 and using experimental
formula for slew rate (dVOUT(t)/dt), spike current can be
written as:
max IIN
VIN
10RLOAD
CLOAD
CIN0.05VIN
0.255
(4)
where supply voltage VIN is in volts, capacitances are
in micro farads, and resistance is in ohms.
Example: If VIN=5.5V, CLOAD=100 µF, CIN=10 µF, and
RLOAD=50 ; calculate the spike current by:
max(
IIN)
5.5
1050
(100
10)(0.055.5
0.255 )A
1.8A
(5)
Maximum spike current is 1.8 A, while average ramp-
up current is:
IIN(t)
VOUT (t)
RLOAD
(CLOAD
CIN )
dVIN(t)
dt
2.75 / 50 100 0.0022 0.275 A
(6)
Output Discharge
FPF1039 contains a 65 Ω on-chip pull-down resistor for
quick output discharge. The resistor is activated when
the switch is turned off.
Recommended Layout
For best thermal performance and minimal inductance
and parasitic effects, it is recommended to keep input
and output traces short and capacitors as close to the
device as possible. Figure 34 is a recommended layout
for this device to achieve optimum performance.
Vin Vout
VIN FPF1039
CIN OFF ON ON
GND
+
CLOAD
RLOAD
Figure 33. Device Setup
© 2010 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation
FPF1039 • Rev. 1.5
Figure 34. Recommended Land Pattern, Layout
www.fairchildsemi.com
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