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9.1.3 Pull-up and Bus-keeper
9.1.4
The pull-ups on the AD7:0 ports may be activated if the corresponding Port register is written to one. To reduce
power consumption in sleep mode, it is recommended to disable the pull-ups by writing the Port register to zero
before entering sleep.
The XMEM interface also provides a bus-keeper on the AD7:0 lines. The bus-keeper can be disabled and enabled
in software as described in “XMCRB – External Memory Control Register B” on page 38. When enabled, the bus-
keeper will keep the previous value on the AD7:0 bus while these lines are tri-stated by the XMEM interface.
Timing
External Memory devices have different timing requirements. To meet these requirements, the XMEM interface
provides four different wait-states as shown in Table 9-3 on page 37. It is important to consider the timing specifica-
tion of the External Memory device before selecting the wait-state. The most important parameters are the access
time for the external memory compared to the set-up requirement. The access time for the External Memory is
defined to be the time from receiving the chip select/address until the data of this address actually is driven on the
bus. The access time cannot exceed the time from the ALE pulse must be asserted low until data is stable during a
read sequence (see tLLRL+ tRLRH - tDVRH in Tables 31-11 through Tables 31-18 on pages 367 - 370). The different
wait-states are set up in software. As an additional feature, it is possible to divide the external memory space in two
sectors with individual wait-state settings. This makes it possible to connect two different memory devices with dif-
ferent timing requirements to the same XMEM interface. For XMEM interface timing details, refer to Table 31-11 on
page 367 to Table 31-18 on page 370 and Figure 31-9 on page 370 to Figure 31-12 on page 372 in the “External
Data Memory Timing” on page 367.
Note that the XMEM interface is asynchronous and that the waveforms in the following figures are related to the
internal system clock. The skew between the internal and external clock (XTAL1) is not guarantied (varies between
devices temperature, and supply voltage). Consequently, the XMEM interface is not suited for synchronous
operation.
Figure 9-3.
External Data Memory Cycles without Wait-state (SRWn1=0 and SRWn0=0)(1)
T1 T2 T3 T4
System Clock (CLKCPU)
ALE
A15:8 Prev. addr.
Address
DA7:0 Prev. data
Address XX
Data
WR
DA7:0 (XMBK = 0) Prev. data
Address
Data
DA7:0 (XMBK = 1) Prev. data
Address XXXXX
Data
XXXXXXXX
RD
Note: 1. SRWn1 = SRW11 (upper sector) or SRW01 (lower sector), SRWn0 = SRW10 (upper sector) or SRW00 (lower sec-
tor). The ALE pulse in period T4 is only present if the next instruction accesses the RAM (internal or external).
ATmega640/V-1280/V-1281/V-2560/V-2561/V [DATASHEET]
2549Q–AVR–02/2014
29
ATMEL Corporation
ATMEL Corporation



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